What is Nursing?
Nursing is a field that is mainly focused upon taking care of ill and offering preventive health care as well. Nurse work in many different settings, comprising hospitals, care offices/facilities, public health departments, and organizations, etc. In accordance with the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the general duties carried out by nurses involve providing patient care, reviewing of patient’s condition, making nursing care plans as well as edifying and instructing the patients regarding their health or conditions. However, it is also agreed that nursing is an expensive resource of the healthcare sector that should be utilized appropriately and effectively. The role and recognition are ever-changing, the change can be observed right from the nursing profession itself to the notions such as policymakers of health care and society. In today’s world nursing is known to be the link that holds a patient’s health care voyage altogether.
Who is a Nurse?
A nurse can be defined as an individual who is prepared and trained to provide care or prudence to the ill or injured people. Nurses are required to work with senior/junior doctors, medical officers and other health care workers as well with an aim to make patients healthy quickly and effectively. Nurses are known to be the ultimate caregiver for the ill and sick. He or she makes efforts in taking care of the physical and medical needs of the patients so that they can recover much quicker. They monitor the status of the patient’s health and record the result and any relevant information.
Role of a Nurse
All through the process of treatment, the nurses tend to pursue the changes as well as the advancement of the patient’s health. The consideration given by a nurse or we can say an attendant stretches out past the medications and different treatments. They are in charge of the comprehensive consideration of patients, which incorporates the psychosocial, formative, social, and otherworldly needs of the person.
- Patient Care – Patient care is the fundamental responsibility of a nurse. Patients tend to be the most important thing in a nurse’s professional voyage. A nurse is straightforwardly associated with the basic analysis as well as the decision-making process for the treatment ill and injured. It is significant that they can think basically when evaluating patient signs and distinguishing potential issues with the goal that they can make fitting actions and activities.
- Educating – There is a tremendous requirement of educating and teaching the patient as well as his/her family. It is important for them to know about the illness its causes and reasons, what to eat, what to avoid, and symptoms related to an illness. All these factors play a major role in the quick and effective recovery of a patient. Nurses are responsible to teach and educate the patient and his/her family regarding such things that are needed to be observed accurately. A nurse fulfills this duty by giving proper time and attention to the patient and other concerned persons.
- Perform Diagnostic Tests- Performing diagnostic tests is one of the most significant roles and responsibilities of a nurse. There are patients who need to go through several diagnostics and medical tests as prescribed by his/her doctor. Nurses play a vital role in performing such typical diagnostic tests. It is among the fundamental and primary responsibilities of nurses.
- Patient Advocacy- The patient is, without doubt, tends to be the first priority of the nurse. The job and role of a nurse are to counsel and support the patients for the best advantages and to keep up the patient’s pride all through the process of treatment and care. This may incorporate making proposals in the treatment plan of patients, as a team with other wellbeing experts.
Types of Nurses
There are different types of nurses. Some of them are mentioned below:
- Registered Nurse: Registered nurses (RN) tend to hold an associate’s or a bachelor’s degree in nursing. The registered nurses help physicians and doctors in hospitals and various other medical institutes as well as settings.
- Clinical Nurse Specialist: A clinical nurse specialist (CNS) is known to be an advanced practice nurse. Such types of nurses are highly efficient in diagnosing and treating the illness with their knowledge and expertise. A clinical nurse specialist generally focuses on the management and administration of the patient, his/her family, and concerned persons
- Nurse Practitioner: Nurse practitioners (NP) are another sort of nurses that work under the surveillance of a doctor/physician. Such nurses enhanced their work and take on numerous roles of a physician. Nurse practitioners can diagnose diseases as well as prescribe related medications to the patient. They can also execute treatment plans positively.
- Licensed Practical Nurse: Licensed practical nurses (LPN) are required to perform a large variety of tasks and responsibilities under the monitoring of a registered nurse. They manage the medications; keep a check on vital signs etc. Licensed practical nurses possess an associate’s degree.